c o p y i s t   /   e n g r a v e r


send email

Copyists are the unkown heroes of the recording industry. Musicians that are sight-reading music for the first time at a recording session, or at the first (sometimes only) rehearsal for a show or concert, need absolutely clean, clear, explicitly notated music so that there is no question about the intent of the composer/arranger/orchestrator. Many mistakes are caught by copyists, who use the depth of their musical knowldge to sort out what can at times look like chicken scratching to the uninitiated. Musical parts that have problems can stop a rehearsal or recording session in its tracks and cause expensive delays. By having the music professionally copied from the arranger or orchestrator's score into individual parts for the musicians to read, a lot of time is saved in the rehearsal or session.

I have worked as a copyist not only on my own, but also for the fine firm of RPM Seattle, which, with a larger staff, is better suited for large-scale feature film projects, or projects under a very tight deadline.

An engraver is basically a copyist, but the term is usually applied more to music preparation for publishing than for a recording session or live production. My clients have included not only music publishers, but also publishers of instructional books.

I use both Finale and Sibelius, the dominant computer notation software applications, in my copying and engraving work.


It is common for non-reading composers to seek out the help of a transcriptionist to convert their music into sheet-music form. I am as fast as anyone at this, and the end result is a clean, readable piece of music, ready for publishing or copyright submission. I have experience with everything from lead sheets to full ensemble transcriptions. 

hats I wear
concert artist
recording artist
studio musician
freelance musician
arranger / orchestrator
production coordinator
editing and mixing